La Crisis Causó Dos Nuevas Muertes

La Crisis Causó Dos Nuevas Muertes


IN JUNE 26th 2002, SIX MONTHS AFTER THAT SOCIAL OUTBREAK OVER WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUA, PICKET ORGANIZATIONS
KNOWN AS “PIQUETEROS” SET ROADBLOCKS IN ALL ACCESS
TO BUENOS AIRES CITY TO PROTEST AGAINST PRESIDENT
EDUARDO DUHALDE. IN MAIN SOUTHERN ACCESS
TO BUENOS AIRES CITY, PUEYRREDÓN BRIDGE, PIQUETEROS DARÍO SANTILLÁN
AND MAXIMILIANO KOSTEKI WERE MURDERED. Let’s get in. Well…
This is where Santillán fell. Here exactly.
If you wish to see… It’s quite dark in here. Kosteki was standing
behind that chart. Through that door,
Franchiotti gets to this point. I come in through that door and get to the patio
through that other door. While they did a zigzag,
I walked straight. Santillán runs from here, and I was able
to see him falling over that column. “THE CRISIS CAUSED
ANOTHER TWO DEATHS”, MASS MEDIA
IN AVELLANEDA MASSACRE PART ONE -You know a newspaper office?
-Not that much. Always a fuss,
because paper is always blank; you must fill it up. And better if you do it
with news. Hopefully,
not that kind of news; problem comes
when you have no news. Even though I’ve been working
in news for so long, I’m not an expert. I still read a newspaper as people who aren’t related
to media do. Well… Let’s remember those days… There were piqueteros
demonstrations every day. One could not foresee
that a clash might happen. It was a quite day
until that very moment when Pepe called and said:
“repression is started.” Pepe photographed
the first incident, we published that first shot
taken over the bridge. Then, piqueteros moved,
police running after them… And then he called
for a second time, from Avellaneda Station,
saying: “there are wounded.” “A lady cannot breath,
she’s in a bad condition”. We all went to Avellaneda,
to the train station, where only blood stains
remained, and a few people. However,
testimonies were very clear that the shots came
from police officers. We, as photographers,
only new by then the information gathered
by the photographer. The newspaper office
worked until last minute, and also the next day, gathering all information
as possible. We were not aware
of how serious this issue was; that first day. UNEMPLOYMENT RECORD,
OVER 3 MILLION WITH NO JOB THIS WEEK ANOTHER 2.8 % RAISE
IN BASIC FOODSTUFFS COST LESS FOOD IS ARRIVING,
PIQUETEROS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY HALF POPULATION BECOMES POOR STRUGGLE PLAN OF “THE BLOC”,
CITY ACCESS BLOCKED PICKET NATIONAL BLOC ANNOUNCES
ROADBLOCKS THIS WED AND A CAMP IN PLAZA DE MAYO
ON JULY 9th PICKETS TO BRIDGES AGAIN,
GOVERNMENT IS DETERRING BLOCKS Neighbors set roadblocks
demanding jobs, education, health…
a raise in subsidies, better food provisions for us…
of our comrades in jail. That’s why
we went off the street. As we came
the bridge was blocked. -Police was on it.
-And piqueteros. No, the police, you prick. The city police
was on the street and the Army was on the bridge. ¿The greens, right?
They were all mixed. The army, the city police,
and the federal police. ¡Piqueteros, carajo!
¡Piqueteros, carajo! Sometimes you expect a mess
in demonstrations. A fuss, so you can begin
to work after that. In a moment like that
you don’t measure where you are but you do know
which position to speak from. A possibility to see the events is to follow
the demonstrators. Another, to follow the police. Journalistically speaking,
is also good to follow police because you take a closer look
to what they do. But I was in the other side
that day. Are you part of the actors? Or are you in the role
of external observer? Journalists are curious people
just observing, not taking part of the events
that occur as we work. I belong to a small trend
of thinking that posts journalist
as politicians. similar to traditional
politicians, the pictures of what happens
to society itself… to readers, TV watchers. The vision of society
is always political. Our scope of society
is always political despite our belief of being
politically independent. We now broadcast live
from Pueyrredón Bridge. Tenseness in another day
of piqueteros demonstrations. The Government said
that roadblocks in bridges will not be allowed. 2.000 police officers
are on the street… …Piqueteros coming
from Mitre Avenue. If police
will let them through is yet to be seen. A commissar came several times and
ask us: How long are you staying?” “Don’t go”, he ended up saying. “I’m not authorized to be here
speaking to you, I’m only warning you not to go
because I know you.” And as I saw everything
from above, despite they knew
that two big concentrations were taking place there, they left an infantry
contingent between them both. I have been witness
of many repressions, and I know than infantry
always covers its back, or retreats if surrounded,
just for security reasons. Piqueteros are resisting,
they advance towards the police They’re doing so
in this very moment. Piqueteros are advancing now
from both sides. This officer shot teargas
for the first time, I saw him holding up
a teargas grenade. This is Darío.
That’s his jacket. He fell in front of me. We journalists saw the police
begin to retreat, but Franchiotti and the others
started pushing their partners from the back,
forcing them to repress. When I pass through
the security line, I headed directly towards
Franchiotti. He turned around to me
with a shotgun in his hands. We heard very clearly
how he cocked it. He shot me, but missed, because in that very moment
he was beaten with a stick. They were rubber bullets,
though. In my despair, I embrace him;
then he shot me. I reacted as if I could stop
a bullet with my hands. I was shot here and here. Police started shooting! Teargas! Shots!
Rubber bullets! Flying stones! The situation is out of control! This is big! Big confrontation on the area!
Police is shooting piqueteros! They are retreating
to the bridge; this is totally out of control. It was an impressive way
of shooting. from both sides. Like an American western movie. Whites killing Indians,
exactly like that. We saw bullets passing by.
We were over the floor. In a certain moment
the guy stopped shooting to re-charge his weapons,
we run away then. A tremendous amount of teargas
from the police, who had no other choice,
that’s the truth. The area is full of cars
demonstrators. Police has given them
no action possibilities. A lot of piqueteros
were holding stones, slings as well;
they were willing to confront. And here we can see
the commissar as he shoots. If you take a closer look,
you can see a red cartridge. This happened over 1000 ft.
from Avellaneda train station. Hey, you, journalists!
Come and see! Come and tape this! -Why are you arresting him?
-He had a sling. -I was helping a lady.
-What’s wrong with her? She had a wounded leg. You are being arrested
because of that? Because of the sling.
There it is. He had stones too. We were resisting,
passing through Alsina Square. I saw a girl on the floor,
felt an impact, looked back and saw Leiva
still shooting behind me. I walked a bit more,
half a block, and got shot. I thought it was
a rubber bullet. Then I realized it wasn’t.
My shoe was all red-stained. I felt a hit. I kept on running,
and felt very bad. I lifted up my t-shirt
and saw the blood. Another comrade fell. As I tried to pull him up,
I felt a burning in both the upper and lower
part of my left leg. They got me in a wagon
to take me to the hospital. A lady cried a lot, knowing that my chances
were scarce. She cried and told her husband
to hurry. Arriving at the train station,
we thought it was over. The fruit stand had been
completely destroyed. As I get into the train station
I ran into this woman, who… I don’t know if she suffered
from asthma or something. The people cried for a doctor. I bent on my knees
in order to help her, and took her picture. More shots were heard.
Yelling also. Everybody ran away. In the middle of the hall only Darío and another boy
were standing. And… I was petrified.
I won’t run away, nor move. And… I had a blurred take
because I turned around in the instant Franchiotti was
getting into the station in his hands. Darío held his hand up, as for a petition
of holding the fire. Everyone ran away
but I stood against a wall. 30 seconds
that lasted an eternity. I keep on shooting
with my camera. The body of Maximiliano
was left behind, the place was empty. I took three or four
more pictures of that. In a given moment,
as the people ran away, I could see one of them dead
and the other wounded. By then
I couldn’t take any pictures. I ran into Maxi’s body, several photographers
were taking pictures of him. Over there Sergio, taking pictures of Darío
already on the floor. And in a corner, two women almost fainting
because of the teargas. My first move was to help,
to put the camera aside. I went out
to the station’s patio, and realized that Franchiotti
was very nervous; Darío was on the floor,
still alive. Even though fierce repression
was imminent, to run into Maximiliano’s body, and into Darío
lying on his back… This contingent walking
all over with total freedom… I took pictures of their faces
and no one said a word. How this policeman
moved the body without a trace of nervousness. He accommodated it, as if he knew
what he was doing that for. This was tough as nothing. Last moment information: two dead
by police repression. They were two piqueteros
of Pueyrredón Bridge. Two dead. SEVERAL WOUNDED
AND ARRESTED Two dead as the result
of the confrontation in Pueyrredón Bridge; they were about 20 and 25
years old. Also, four severely wounded
were taken to the hospital. We have not been able
to establish if they were wounded
by gunfire as piqueteros leaders assured;
some others were also assisted. CRISIS CAUSED 2 MORE DEATHS
31 TOTAL SINCE DECEMBER For 10-11 years I was chief
of the Politics source. Now I am editor in chief. I have to do with Politics
and the other sources as well. I could say that,
because of my position, I had an awareness of things
that perhaps Pepe didn’t. I had direct contact
with the redactors, I was present
in the front page design. I know what was said
and discussed. But I never heard of deceased
or about hiding information. Never. You can be 100% sure
of what I’m telling you. I tell you, this was published
that first day. What a bad memory I have! It actually said
“two deceased”. The situation was known. Can I ask you something? There wasn’t a proper covering
of the events. It was Pepe alone. We were sent in a car
as we were arriving… to help and reenact. To reenact what had happened
we asked Pepe Mateos: “Tell us how it was.” I didn’t ask him myself,
the redactors did. We reenacted the story
with his testimony. That day,
we reporters considered it all as another simple
demonstration. “Later we’ll see what can be
written.” with the material, the photography editors, and also the editors
of Politics, revised all Pepe’s material and chose the photos
that were published that day. Even though we saw that the train station
was the main thing, which was obvious for them, I think we lacked– I lacked of cold mind
to analyze what had happened. If you see
all the published things, you’ll observe the dead issue. You could also inferred
that it was police repression. You can see this people
walking back, their story is also told
in the pages. There’s a certain mystery
in the photo, from a photographic scope,
not political. It portrays how strong
the movement had been. A scene full of action,
very attractive to me. -Who’s this?
-Darío. And this?
The one who killed him. Who’s this?
Franchiotti, running inside. And this is Kosteki,
fatally hurt. Not even drunk
I would ask a medal for this, it’s our work. Honestly, I’ve doing this
for 26 years, I live of my salary… GOVERNMENT ASSURES
THEY WERE BOTH INFILTRATORS PIQUETEROS UNDER SUSPICION A LOT OF SILENCE
A WITCHES HUNT Police was prepared
with anti-mutiny equipment. Police was severely attacked,
that was clearly seen on TV. GOVERNMENT IMPEDED
ROADBLOCK We had people wounded
by slings, and also by gunfire. Government tried
to avoid responsibility, or to avoid
police responsibility at least. A Piqueteros confrontation,
they said. Some believed that,
some did not. The Government has
the elements to believe that we are in front
of organized actions, a coordinated and systematic
plan of struggle. The Government
of the Buenos Aires Province assures that piqueteros were
responsible of the incident and that they had long weapons. 20 days before, we knew
that something like this was going to happen. We were told that an event
was being scheduled for the 22nd or 23rd
in Gatica Stadium, Villa Doménico. It was a piqueteros’ assembly where new courses of action
were going to be discussed. They mentioned “armed struggle”
and set a struggle plan: a chronogram of hostilities. The ones who set
today’s roadblocks spoke about blocking
all city access; these groups are opposed
to alliances and think that Argentina is currently living some sort
of pre-revolution state, as Russia did before 1917,
that motivates them. RADICAL GROUP SPEAKS
ABOUT REVOLUTION -Did you bring the cartridge?
-Give me the cartridge. He’s wounded as I am too. -Is he hurt?
-Help him. Can you stand up? Help him standing him up.
I don’t have strength anymore. You must collaborate, che… Hold on, don’t drag him. He’s bleeding.
Lift him by his arms. Move, move! He’s a civilian, you prick! DISPLAY OF REPRESSIVE FORCES: BUENOS AIRES POLICE FEDERAL
POLICE NATIONAL GENDARMERIE WEAPONRY:
CANES & SHIELDS GAS-RELEASE PISTOLS PISTOLS & SHOTGUN
WITH BULLETS That day we endured pressure
to make it all see as a confrontation
between piqueteros. This big pressure came
from Duhalde’s Government. On July 26th,
as repression took place and the events
were transmitted live, the information structure
of the State started to work. Several official press speakers
called the reporters and gave their version
to them. It’s not that they said
something too artificial, but: “we were said, or told,
that it was a fight among them” so police was displayed. This image of the burning bus was one of the most repeated
that day with an obvious political
intention, because it was the image
that impacted a certain sector of society
and made them think: “It was piqueteros’ fault.
They started this. They burnt that bus.” That was repeated
as a message reinforcement. It was the most seen image,
especially on TV. Two buses were burned. Some sources said
that passengers were robbed. Crónica TV said:
“Violent piqueteros, two deceased,
piqueteros’ confrontation.” They tried to portray
that piqueteros were so violent that ended up
hurting themselves. But as they were the only
wounded or deceased, what about the other faction? You cannot repress efficiently
without a proper use of press. It’s not possible
and they know that. That’s why they set
a previous consensus. They’re able to do that, because they have
the economic means for it, as well as the ideological. After that, you can give
political control to repression. We’re going to offer you
a complete view of what happened today, with the ultimate objectivity:
the objectivity of the camera. Police is first confronted
by hooded people with sticks. -They caused destruction.
-Always the same people. The ones that caused
destruction in the city last December the 19th.
Who pays this people? We’re in the very place
were the incidents occurred. Two deceased. Nearly 90 wounded,
some of them by gunfire. They’re now in Fiorito Hospital. All witnessed
by our Lady of Luján. Here we can still see
rubber bullets and marbles that demonstrators
threw with the help of slings. Some bolts too. I think that some piqueteros
have fair demands, and some others
are just violent. I don’t like when they take
pregnant women and children to pickets,
nor when they arm themselves. This is the most naive
weapon we saw, a piquetero sling. PIQUETEROS BEAT UP
AN INSPECTOR COMMISSAR We did not abused,
we only tried to resist. He gives a press conference
in the very hospital where wounded, deceased,
and relatives were taken to. Only reporters
separated Franchiotti from the witnesses
of the murders he committed. Son of a b…! As this commissar
began to explain everything I gathered a story
from his testimony and from the fact
that he was savagely beaten up. I have no doubts
that any of the deceased might be the consequence
for their confrontation. …the headquarters
of a left-wing party where the police entered
without a judge order. I came out from there
as I felt the noises, when I got here–
I had this same shirt. When I got here, I had to cover my nose
with the shirt and come back. One could not pass
through there. The incidents… Now they’re shooting
rubber bullets. Demonstrators are beaten
with canes by the police. Demonstrators
were standing here trying to avoid… They jumped in from there, then they went up to the roof and all the way
to the stairs there. For me, they were coming to… to… to do whatever they do. If they would have come here, they would have beaten
the shit out of me. My mother was there
enjoying some sun, it was a winter afternoon. Maybe they would have beaten
the shit out of her too, or maybe not,
because she’s old. I had that impression. Move! Move! Son of a bitch! “Freeze!” they said.
I was the last one in throwing myself
to the floor. I didn’t get to raise my head,
I felt the impact immediately. When I touched my head,
I felt little holes on it. Out of here!
This is a political party! Blood! Blood!
Look at the blood! Look at the pellets! As a social movement
just making elemental demands we never thought we would have
40 people wounded by gunfire. Maybe because we didn’t foresee
that scenario, we were not able to do
almost anything. Repression continued
from 06:30 p.m. to 07:30 p.m. People continued running, wounded persons
tried to reach hospitals. We tried to solve the situation
with the imprisoned and also identifying
the deceased. I had to identify them. Everybody said:
“I know who they are”, but I was impressed
by a lady partner from the Guernica
unemployed movement, who was in tears,
saying that she saw how Maxi and Darío
were murdered. We went to the morgue
and she identified them. She gave names to the deceased:
Darío Santillán y Maxi Kosteki. Then the impact of telling
the imprisoned that two people had died. Some of them began crying
since they knew them both. Police laughed. We supported the imprisoned
by telling them that jail was not the place
to cry, because police was celebrating for the repression
in the first place, then for the murders
and finally for our tears. The boys recognized later
that those words helped them. REPRESSION BALANCE: 160 IMPRISONED
33 WOUNDED BY GUNFIRE 2 DEAD THE DECEASED MIGHT HAVE BEEN 15
TAKING ACCOUNT OF THOSE PERSONS WOUNDED IN THE HEAD
OF VITAL ORGANS -Darío Santillán!
-Present! -Now!
-And always! FROM YOUR PARTNERS RECYCLING CENTER OF THE TERRITORIAL LIBERATION
MOVEMENT I live in Corina,
Corina is public land. If someone settles down
in some wasteland, the State is affected,
not the neighbors. No one has land property here,
this is abandoned. See that those guys
are not near. We have a lot of merchandise, but we have to go out
and sell it, if we don’t…. We have to sell what we make,
if we don’t… We must buy more material
with the money: thread, wool… This is our job. And we have it tough, because we can’t fly
to one place and sell. Some people arrive late
because of that. But, for now,
we have no other option, until we find something
that dignifies us. Maybe when we have
our workshop, we will be dignified, right? That’s the way it is.
It’s a struggle. BLOCKS FACTORY OF THE UNEMPLOYED MOVEMENT
ANIBAL VERÓN Too much humidity. We put too much water.
We put less before. Add more sand and cement.
It’s going to be OK. This is the mapping
of the zone, no neighbor has land property. We had a situation of someone who misappropriated public land
and sold it. When public lands are wasted we ask for a community
center to be built; we even have a project
for construction. 12 of cardboard. They’re used to that
at this hour. Too much water, man. Let’s begin again. Year 2002. My young daughter made it. It’s hard to believe,
but Darío had few time for us. He was always meeting
his militancy. MOTHER OF MAXIMILIANO He was, as I said before,
calmed as the water of a tank. We didn’t speak very much,
he was very quite. SISTER OF MAXIMILIANO I just saw how he played
with the children, how he made some drawings
to them. I was surprised that he spent
the whole weekend with us. We laughed and shared. We spoke about the 26th, and Darío knew that things
were going to be tough. Nobody knew that he was
in the demonstration, that he was in that movement… Anibal Verón. That’s why it was so hard
to explain to my children what had happened
to their uncle, trying at the same time
not to let them watch TV because of how they portrayed
my brother. SISTER Maybe he had a good day, throwing some stones,
cursing the police, running, helping partners… I never expected
he would be taken. When by husband came
and asked me to sit down, I said:
“Stop bothering and speak.” He replied: “Sit down, because you can’t hear this
on your feet.” At 07:00 p.m., my seven years old daughter
told me: “Mom, my uncle was
at the picket FATHER My brother told
me to watch the TV, because something
about Darío was commented. “Stay there, I come for you”,
he said. And as I saw the images,
I first mistook Maxi for Darío. Maxi was thrown on a van,
like a dog. My sister called me and said that Darío Santillán
was mentioned. And… Well, in a moment like that your whole world
goes to pieces. You want to break
whatever is at hand, you can’t believe that you’re actually
going through that. We stuck to the idea that perhaps
two Daríos existed, with the hope
of being fucking lucky and have my son back. But we weren’t. They mentioned Darío,
showed some images… And then… the Calvary came: Having to go to that shitty
Police Station of Avellaneda and recognize my son’s body. It’s really the worst thing
that could happen to a father: to recognize the body
of a dead son. Maybe a natural death,
or an accident, you can accept more easily. But seeing how it all happened,
how he was killed, one cannot conceive
a more unfair death. PART TWO Did you shoot Santillán
and his partner? -No.
-Franchiotti aimed Santillán… -He saw him pass by, aimed…
-At what distance? -3 to 6 ft.
-Was it a shotgun? Indeed. both the PA accusation
and the detention ordered by the judge,
Mrs. Salvo, clarified that Dario
Santillán’s murderer was officer Acosta. If they would’ve had
more war ammunition, we would have more deaths.
But they ran out of it. THESE FIRST ORGANIZATIONS SET THE ROADBLOCK
TO PUENTE PUEYRREDÓN THESE LATTER DID NOT AGREED WITH ANY
STRUGGLE PLAN WITH DUHALDE’S GOVERNMENT I think they agreed
with the Government a sort of low intensity
repression. “We set the roadblock,
you throw us some gas, we cursed you and leave.” Good for the Government
in order to say to Washington that social order
was being controlled. Good for these organizations to put themselves in the core
of the political scene to say that the Government
was an authoritarian one, and that they were
the real piqueteros. It was an actual agreement
for both. They needed dead people. This young man,
the one with the white cap– you’ll recognize him later
in the image of the floor– He has a scarf,
a bit of beard, tore pants at the knees,
this type of sneakers– This guy is Darío Santillán,
one of the deceased. That first scene, with 30 boys
in military formation– Even Darío was there
with a hook and a stick against the police– Who set that? Who sent these boys
to the front? Darío, in his hand– Some said he was 21
years old, or 25– He has an iron stick
in his hand. Look at the tip of it.
It’s a sort of hook. If your head is hit with this,
it cracks open. That’s not a working tool,
it’s almost a weapon. There was no confrontation
with the police column. That’s fictitious, something made up to
scare old ladies on TV. If you have a police group
with bullet-proof equipment and a 6 ft. cane, trained during years
to use their weapons: 9 mm. pistols and bullets; and you have an unemployed
with a stick on the other side, no confrontation
is possible. That first image,
I want someone to explain. Anybody can call me
son of a bitch for saying this. Here’s the armored column.
Nothing has happened yet. See Franchiotti.
He grabs him by his arm. He pushed him away. An officer uses his cane,
this lady is hit; Darío and the others
try to avoid this lady to be hit. That’s the excuse
for repression. I thought that maybe
without that first incident nothing would’ve happened. But then, as I got deeper
in the facts, I was more and more convinced
that a political decision was made that day in order to
suppress with bullets. was set, it seems a meditated thing,
whether it was wrong or not. How the incident was provoked
to justify repression. Now, the train station thing
doesn’t seem preconceived. nor something prepared
by a professional murderer. It doesn’t seem a thing
roughly done on purpose. What does seem evident is that Franchiotti had
a license to kill. Franchiotti and some others:
Leiva and so on. A whole sector. The operation was all set, a column was pushing away
under the bridge and another column came
down the bridge, they formed a line
that blocked all Pavón Av. Here’s Maxi. This is Paniagua,
this is Quevedo. Here’s Darío.
The police is shooting. Look at the firing smoke.
That’s when Maxi was shot. It’s hard to say
that they aimed Maxi. They fired to the group,
some got wounded, including Maxi. Same with Darío, who had already passed by
the train station. He was not particularly
chased. It’s not that Darío was chased
until he was found. He was simply a member
of our group, we were withdrawing beyond
the train station, Darío decided to go back
to the front trying to help his partners
at the station, and knew that the police
was about to suppress there. You can see the cowardice
of those confronting him, Franchiotti and Acosta, who didn’t shoot him
frontally. They asked him to leave
and when Darío turns they shot them at the back
at 5 ft. distance, say experts. The operation was set
with two groups. One operated on Pavón Av.,
the other on Mitre Av. They had carte blanche, and were covered
by the rest of the forces that moved forward suppressing; a group using real bullets,
lifting dead bodies, removing evidence,
gathering cartridges. The rest of the police
advanced normally, suppressing the way
they actually should. They say: “They suppressed
and therefore had to go.” The Government didn’t have
the legitimacy to last until September 2003. It could last by hard means, but you need
a grass-roots support for that, it’s impossible without it; if so, your hard means
last very little; weakness becomes worse.
evaluation. They could not allow
any more social protest with no limits. BRIDGES ROADBLOCKS
TO BE CONTAINED This vortex of events
made us forget what was being discussed
the month before. Ruckauf admitting
that he signed the ordinances that allowed military forces
to suppress back in 1975. Governors asking
for repression. Jaunarena was in charge
of a project to unify the Ministry of Defense
along with the Prefecture and the Gendarmerie, and to amend the law
to allow military forces to deal with interior security. Look at that frame
of modification of the repression structure. In the previous
intervention of Atanasof you can see someone
who is almost pushing a policy. The day before, Vanossi,
Minister of Justice, made a formal accusation
in the court, saying that the piqueteros
leadership pretended a coup d’état,
incurring in sedition. That’s why it’s interesting
the calls from Intelligence that Franchiotti received
that day, because he was the one
who acted. If those calls
from Intelligence would have pretended
to stop him, he wouldn’t have done
what he did. One could think that a sector
from Intelligence called him to ask him
not to do what other sector
told him to do. Some sectors from Intelligence
were very involved with Duhalde I believe in a preconceived
plan. It all came out wrong
because of the photos, the witnesses, the courage of demonstrators
who accepted to state. Some of them haven’t stated
yet because they’re afraid, and finally, social claim. There were two aspects: the Government responsibility
in those murders, and the actions trying
to find an answer to that. A third aspect
was the role of media. CRISIS CAUSED 2 MORE DEATHS
31 TOTAL SINCE DECEMBER Darío’s body is brought
at 5 o’clock in the morning. At that time we began
receiving calls from the radio stations. Some journalists told us
about what was published, they interviewed us, I had not seen the newspapers
by then. And our opinions
were practically a defense, explaining that they were not
infiltrators as La Nación said, that no armed confrontation
had occurred. It was disturbing
to see how they echoed as they usually do
in radio morning programs, they simply buy the newspapers
and read them, then called us for a note. These sons of bitches
killed my brother, but we are pictured
as the violent, just because we want
to improve our life quality; that’s why my brother died,
for defending that. The photo had the front cover,
I did not expected that, and stated very clearly
the issue, it pictured
the moment of repression. A lot of deductions
were made from this. The next day we noticed
that this was Darío. We set the sequence
that next day, exactly on the sidewalk
next to the place of Darío’s funeral, where Pepe Mateos
was present, along with a lot
of witnesses, people reading the newspapers and reenacting
with the published pictures what had happened. They began to point Darío
and Franchiotti, and I said: “Well… This is a grass-roots
movement, everything is shaking.” The newspapers notes
were important, not for what they portrayed
did not portray. Seeing this photo, we said that a whole sequence
of photos had to exist. Here two more photographers
could be seen, their photos
had not been published. That Thursday afternoon,
Darío had not been buried yet, Kowalewski “The Russian”,
called us. This photographer told us:
police shooting Santillán.” Also someone from Clarín
called us to offer a note if we give them the photos; Página 12 called as well. The Russian told us
that Clarín had the photos because Pepe Mateos worked
for them with a digital camera, therefore they had to have
the photos in the computers. We understood that Clarín
was pulling our leg. The President called me, pull me out of a meeting
with 200 doctors, and told me to be aware
of Clarín photos that Thursday. In them, the phantom figure
of Santillán appeared escaping. He told me: “You see that?
It seems to be Santillán. So, do what is proper
because that guy was alive.” I thanked him and called
Clarín. the information of who might be
that blurred figure. They told me: “It’s him.” I asked if they had
better pictures, they said yes. It’s incredible
that the pictures were not published
the first day but the second. I’m not going to deny
politics. A newspaper like that
must have direct relationships because it’s a powerful one. The question is if those
relationships are good to hide a criminal act. That’s why I think the media
didn’t speak the first day. The media is conformed
by groups as powerful as those that support
economic policies. Some coincidences are present. Clarín is highly responsible
of hiding the repression of June the 26th,
which caused two murders almost performed
in the public eye, more than 100 wounded
and so on. It would be good
that progressive editors They just look
at what Clarín does. La Nación published
the hypothesis of a confrontation
among piqueteros. It’s also the expectation
of the product, not only what Clarín says. Given armored police
and dead piqueteros, I expect that Clarín
supports piqueteros. Specially with testimonies
of police firing. Although in the rush
of the deadline Nobody expects La Nación
to say it, nobody gets mad
with La Nación. We made a mistake. This one. So much for that.
What do I have to do? Kill myself? The crisis did not caused
two more deaths. Two guys were murdered. Did you know who shot
the piqueteros? Honestly speaking,
we didn’t know that day. People was saying
the police did it. Maybe the Gerdarmerie. But clearly not a confrontation
among piqueteros. I don’t think that journalists
went to their newspapers and said something different
to what they actually saw. I think they did tell
to their supervisors what they saw. Why publishing
something different? Our idea was… We did not know
that this guy was dead… Did you know
he was a piquetero? We did. But…
Let’s see… We said “one of the wounded.”
It’s around here. … we have a State
sprinkled by delinquency if Santillán and Kosteki
were murdered by the police. A newspaper is responsible
for checking the information. You ask journalist
to have two sources, this is the same thing. Pepe did not see
that Franchiotti or his partner shot the guy. He did not see that. When he goes back,
the other guy was… He was being grabbed. I think it was published
properly next day, I’m all confused. What I can assure you
is that we did not have enough information to state
that police was responsible. It was clear that police fired. They asked me repeatedly
who was accusing the police. “Everybody”, said Mateos and I. -Who says it was the police?
-Everybody. Everybody I asked
said the police did it. Clarín knew what happened
since the beginning. If someone goes to Clarín
in the evening and says: “guys, the police did this.
I have the photos.”, obviously someone in that place
must confirm what happened, whether it’s published or not. I think Clarín’s headline was:
“The crisis caused two deaths.” That was vile. “The crisis caused two deaths.” That is, not the police,
not the Government, not Franchiotti,
but the crisis. And the note above said: “it’s not clear
who shot the piqueteros.” This newspaper
has the complete photo sequence of how Darío was killed, but says: “it’s not clear
who shot the piqueteros.” It’s practically a decision
of hiding or minimizing things. A total contradiction
with what it was published the following days. I don’t know what they do
in Clarín’s top management. When I’m asked to write a note
I do so, I say what happened.
I stick to what people say. I simply write it. Journalistically speaking,
I think this was a mistake. Not a proper headline. To link these deaths
to those caused by pillage was a journalistic mistake. What do I do?
Do I resign to my post? Do I defend
what we published? I can’t,
because it was wrong. Headlines are written
80 times before publishing. For grammatical, content
or punch reasons. If Blanck or other Clarín
chief wrote this, I have no idea of what
he was thinking. But I’m sure he thought it was the best headline
for Clarín at the moment. Not necessarily for
the Argentines or the journalism itself,
but for Clarín. I don’t recall the headline, but I remember
the epigraph of the photo. It didn’t give the idea
of a murder although the photo was part of the series
that prove it. The graphic editor
had to see it. We didn’t know
this was Santillán. Do you believe that we wanted
to hide something? “One of the fatal victims
lies in Avellaneda Station. An officer is just arriving.
Both deceased were shot. They forgot to say
that the other dead was this guy still alive
in the photo. These two photos
were taken my Pepe Mateos. We published them
the next day, they said we were
hiding them. Nonsense! You don’t see Franchiotti
killing Santillán. They have these two photos
and not the ones in the middle? Why do I have to think
that this person is dead? Or this one? What I think
is that it’s severely injured. Dead or injured,
the police did it. We never said
the police did not. Another thing is to say:
“the police killed him.” Or the “crisis” killed him. That’s not my responsibility.
I don’t write headlines. I’m not in favor
nor against. I don’t believe that Pepe
dropped the camera and said: “I saw nothing,
I have nothing to tell.” He said: “I have the photos of the police
injuring them.” those were the deceased. “Here you have them, I leave. I have to see my wife
and baby.” Nobody saw those photos
in 36 hours? That’s a lie. Because they published
the photos the next day, at least some of them.
So they had to see them. We say Clarín covered this up. Because they saw the photos,
here’s the evidence. They saw them
and edited them. I can see a lot of things. But at that moment
you just see The photographer said:
“I think he’s dead.” Nobody checked his pulse.
It’s something we presumed. That he’s dead. Another person helping him,
that person runs and is hit, we don’t know if shot then. Then he’s dragged
out of the station. That’s all we see
in those photos. For us, it was not a sequence. Pepe, the author
of the photos, did not see a sequence
in them. WHY 24 HOURS LATER THE NEXT DAY WE WERE ABLE
TO REENACT WHAT HAPPENED IF JOURNALISM HAS CONTRIBUTED
TO UNDERSTAND THE TRUTH, THIS IS THE MOMENT
TO FEEL PROUD OF OURSELVES I truly think
they didn’t see the sequence. But I don’t know
how they did not. What’s the difference
in publishing it the first day or the second? A selection of photos
was made. If they had published
this photo with the cartridge, this person running, someone bullet-injured and with a red cartridge
by his side. If you published
all this on Thursday, you cannot write the headline
“The crisis caused two deaths.” I recognized my part. This headline is awful.
It doesn’t tell the truth. It distracts us
from the true cause of these deaths. But… This photo lead you
to the real cause. CLARÍN IS THE MOST SOLD
NEWSPAPER IN ARGENTINA Clarin group is one of the main holding in
Argentinean mass-media concentration process. Off the record,
after finishing our book and presenting it
to some journalists, we were told by some people
from Clarín that there was a decision
of not publishing. And that the worse part
of the first day, was not only this photo, but the actual decision
of writing: “it’s not clear
who shot the piqueteros”, although they knew
the police fired. This newspaper
is one of the biggest shame in all the history
of Argentina journalism. Only in dictatorship times there were worse things
than these, although this is very alike. This headline makes
the crisis responsible, when everybody new
the night before that the police
was responsible. The editorial says:
“This violence, different from a consequence
of tensions or police abuse, might me a provoked event.” That is, piqueteros
were looking for deaths. That was also said by
Julio Blanck that very day, he said who “wins” with Kosteki and Santillán
deaths. “The organizations”, he said. “They need this repression
and these deaths to legitimate a public
action and discourse… deteriorated values
of democracy are obstacles to their supposedly
revolutionary objective.” That’s dangerous. One might think that at least
it was changed the next day or the following days. But it’s dangerous anyhow, because that message,
when transmitted a day, can cause more deaths,
evidence hiding, and some situations
that could be differently solved
if we journalists were clear of which position
we must adopt. After the photos were published
they began to fight for having the best sequence. They hide it the first day, they acted in harmony
with official discourse. It’s a business. Credibility
is the business of media. If you don’t have credibility,
you don’t sell. When everybody is proving
that you lied, you need to recompose
to be believable. That’s why, overnight,
piqueteros were violent, Santillán was an inflamed
skinny guy with a stick, and then they portrayed
his work, his life, his values and courage,
his solidarity… They show the other face
of things to recompose themselves, because their lie
was unsustainable. The real images
were published not only in Página 12
but also in alternative media. What do we do with Clarín?
Burning it on the streets? Pretending that this
was not published? That’s following policies. That makes people
to look somewhere else. As we said what happened and began
a legal cause, a different thing. All the media supported
a false version. But it only lasted 4 days. On Saturday,
Government’s version crumbled. Everyone asked
a legal investigation. The issue here
is how the facts are presented. The context of things. If piqueteros killing
had been presented to society as a confrontation
among themselves, middle class demonstrators
would have been driven away given piqueteros violence. Media supported this version. 170 arrested, an attorney who dares to accuse
of the murders to those 170 arrested
demonstrators. 170 persons accused of Santillán and Kosteki
murders. Piqueteros leadership
with an arrest order for committing sedition.
Repression in the slums… Today everything
would be different. But the people didn’t believe
media, although they believe media
in some cases. In this case,
they rejected it. It was a moment
when the people tended to reject all types
of repression. Duhalde’s was not
a respected Government. The people wanted them all out. It all helped. Even though the public message
of “piqueteros confrontation”, we had a massive demonstration
claiming a legal investigation. After that, in one of the biggest
demonstrations I remember, with heavy rain
from Pueyrredón Bridge to Plaza de Mayo, as everybody knew
that Duhalde’s Government was behind all this– I was in the front
of the column as the relatives of the victims
asked me to– The people applauded
from up the buildings. That changed the situation.
And it all motivated that– Remember that in June
Duhalde said that he didn’t know when
elections would take place. Next week,
he set a date for elections and said:
“I won’t participate.” The reaction of the grass-roots
to all this situation motivated these elections. Apparently… …some things
are being cleared. Unfortunately, once again–
I prefer to say “apparently” because these sad events must be investigated
by justice– Once again,
those responsible of order are the ones carrying
this atrocious hunt. But apparently, not everything have been
discovered. EPILOGUE -Darío Santillán!
-Present! -Maximiliano Kosteki!
-Present! -Now! -And always!
-And always! DARÍO AND MAXI STATION This destruction
was caused by piqueteros that entered violently
in Avellaneda Station. They broke
our security padlocks; the windows were closed, they kicked them down
and got in. So they destructed
doors and windows. Yes. And they broke our board. -I guess you were afraid.
-You bet. I have a family. As usual every 26th, roadblocks were set
to Pueyrredón Bridge, impeding transit
to capital city. PIQUETEROS DEMONSTRATED AGAIN
TRANSIT CHAOS There were a lot of events
after June 26th in which media holds
this same position. “Piqueteros bother”.
“Piqueteros are a burden”. They say that a solution
“should” be found, they “should” be suppressed, they “should”
be taken out. trying to justify repression. They don’t write:
“Repression is a must”, they say it in other words
in headlines and inside information,
to put into people’s mind the ideas
that justify repression. SOMETIMES THE STATE
MUST SUPPRESS We have to set roadblocks. It’s an action to change
the situation we live in. We are not calmed
because Government give us 200 pesos monthly. A lot of times
I asked myself why… why didn’t he left us
a seed before leaving. Maybe I am being selfish,
which Darío wouldn’t ever be. Today I understand
that he left something far more important. He created a new awareness. I’m thankful to you all. Thanks for remembering
my child. Thank you. JANUARY 2006 DEPUTY FRANCHIOTTI
IS GIVEN LIFE SENTENCE OFFICER ACOSTA
IS GIVEN LIFE SENTENCE DEPUTY VEGA IS GIVEN 4 YEARS
SENTENCE FOR CONCEALMENT SAME AS OFFICER QUEVEDO… I was confident
of Kirchner Government… …AND OFFICER DE LA FUENTE He promised me that
a commission will be created. That was a lie.
He used me. And what makes me angrier
is that he used my son. This President that we have,
who seems to be doing a lot, I won’t forgive him
in all his life. I know it’s difficult for him
to go against Duhalde. But he didn’t need
to promise me anything. I can’t stand that he used me
and my son. PEOPLE CLAIM PUNISH
TO ALL RESPONSIBLE POLITICIANS THE FOLLOWING POLITICIANS
DID NOT AGREE TO BE INTERVIEWED Hello? How are you, Deputy? Having the photo is the key. But also publishing it. I respect your work,
I speak frankly. I don’t know
how you are going to edit this. I prefer to believe
that we are all honest. Wanna talk to the chief
of Buenos Aires Police? 20 years in the future, if someone goes
to Clarín archives is going to find this, both the headlines
and the inside information. Piqueteros wanted
to be killed to have a martyr. A lot of people
work for a lot of people. We do what we have to do. 5 years ago …
April 13, 1997 Assassinato de Teresa Rodriguez manifestante. Clarín e disse … The crisis in Neuquén and one death